Child and Adolescent to Parent Violence and Abuse (CAPVA)

When doing research or getting informed on a subject, good-quality literature is invaluable. To make your life easier, we have compiled some relevant works on CAPVA.

If you have suggestions for additional literature, please contact Berta Vall Castelló.

Understanding the phenomenon

Baker, V., Bonnick, H. (2021). Understanding CAPVA: A rapid literature review on child and adolescent to parent violence and abuse for the Domestic Abuse Commissioner’s Office, London: Respect. Full review, Executive Summary

Holt, A. (2016). Adolescent-to-Parent Abuse as a Form of “Domestic Violence”: A Conceptual Review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 17(5), 490–499.

McCloud, E. (2017). Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Abuse (APVA): An Investigation into Prevalence (doctoral thesis), Associations and Predictors in a Community Sample. Portsmouth: University of Portsmouth.

Sanders, R. (2020) ESSS Outline: Adolescent to Parent Violence and Abuse. Iriss. (free download)

Research and Literature Reviews

Gallego, R., Novo, M., Fariña, F., & Arce, R. (2019). Child-to-parent Violence and Parent-to-child Violence: A Meta-analytic Review. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 11(2), 51-59.

Hong, J.S., Kral, M.J., Espelage, D.L. et al. (2012). The Social Ecology of Adolescent-Initiated Parent Abuse: A Review of the Literature, Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 43, 431–454.

Toole-Anstey, C., Keevers, L., & Townsend, M. L. (2021). A Systematic Review of Child to Parent Violence Interventions. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 0(0).


Miles, C., Condry, R. (2015). Responding to Adolescent to Parent Violence: Challenges for Policy and Practice, The British Journal of Criminology, 55(6), 1076–1095.

Gender and CAPVA

Condry, R., Miles, C. (2014). Adolescent to parent violence: Framing and mapping a hidden problem. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 14(3), 257–275.

Profiling CAPVA Perpetrators, Risk Factors and Family Context

Loinaz, I., Sousa, A. M. D. (2019). Assessing Risk and Protective Factors in Clinical and Judicial Child-to-Parent Violence Cases. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 12(1), 43-51.

Ibabe, I., Jaureguizar, J. (2010). Child-to-parent violence: Profile of abusive adolescents and their families, Journal of Criminal Justice, 38(4), 616-624.

Beckmann, L., Bergmann, M. C., Fischer, F., & Mößle, T. (2021). Risk and Protective Factors of Child-to-Parent Violence: A Comparison Between Physical and Verbal Aggression. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36(3–4), 1309-1334.

Contreras, L., del Carmen Cano, M. (2016). Child-to-parent violence: The role of exposure to violence and its relationship to social-cognitive processing, The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 8(2), 43-50.

Suárez-Relinque, C., del Moral Arroyo, G., León-Moreno, C., Callejas Jerónimo J. E. (2019). Child-To-Parent Violence: Which Parenting Style Is More Protective? A Study with Spanish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(8), 1320.  

Calvete, E., Orue, I., & Gámez-Guadix, M. (2013). Child-to-Parent Violence: Emotional and Behavioral Predictors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(4), 755–772.

Cottrell, B., Monk, P. (2004). Adolescent-to-Parent Abuse: A Qualitative Overview of Common Themes. Journal of Family Issues, 25(8), 1072–1095.

Ibabe, I. (2019). Adolescent-to-Parent Violence and Family Environment: The Perceptions of Same Reality?. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(12).  

CAPVA Interventions/Programmes

Rutter, N., Hall, K., & Westmarland, N. (2022). Responding to child and adolescent-to-parent violence and abuse from a distance: Remote delivery of interventions during Covid-19. Children & Society, 0(0).

Last changed: 16.05.2024