In order to collect and exchange knowledge and update current findings in theory and practice regarding work with perpetrators and/or victims support, network experts use our platform to publish papers on selected issues:
In this expert paper, Sandra Jovanović from Serbian WWP EN Member Organisation OPNA, gives an overview of the probation or prison based programmes for perpetrators in Europe. The paper focuses on programmes for perpetrators of domestic violence and gives an insight into programmes led by probation/prison services, as well as NGOs and other agencies linked with the criminal justice system. Programmes for sexual offenders are briefly elaborated, mostly through the prism of the connections between sexual and domestic violence perpetrator programmes.
In this expert paper, Natalia Batenkova, from Swedish WWP EN Member Organisation Unizon, discusses various definitions of sexualised violence, the role of language in shaping the understanding of sexualised violence, forms of sexualised violence, addressing sexualised violence in the work with perpetrators, the importance of work on prevention of sexualised violence, ways forward for WWP EN and its members. As a practical input, Neil Blacklock (Respect) added some practice suggestions for working on sexual violence and abuse with those who perpetrate domestic abuse to the expert paper, which can be found at the end of the document.
In this expert essay, two perpetrator programmes from the UK share their experiences engaging with Polish and Urdu/Hindi speaking communitites. Asia Bartsch, Rory Macrae and Kasia Zalewska from Safer Families Edinburgh and Viji Rajagopalan, Garima Jhamb, Bhupinder Virdee, Suzanne Dean and Liz Ostrowski from DVIP show different risk factors and problems they face, as well as the benefits perpetrators and their partners reap from participating in the programmes.
Alessandra Pauncz's paper constitutes a review of relevant documents around the cooperation between women's support services and perpetrator programmes centering around the question "Who should provide victim's support?".
Marianne Hester's paper on Gender gives an insight into the complex intersections of the concept with interpersonal violence and societal power imbalances. She shows how different research methods can lead to conflicting views of gender-based violence and the influence the perception of women's and men's sexuality has on domestic and sexual violence. By examining the way gender influences not only the perception, but also the treatment of perpetrators of domestic violence, Hester makes the case that gender is a concept with significant importance for policy development and practical perpetrator work.
Rajagopalan, Price, Langston and Potter give an insight into how a support service, run by a perpetrator programme, sees their work with female partners or ex-partners of the men in the programme. The authors write about how they place women at the core of their intervention programme, the basis for this work, confidentiality and the complex ways in which the two parts of the programme intersect and interact. Additionally, they use case studies to illustrate their points and bring them to life.
Written by Cassandra Jones, this essay gives us the details on the Impact Toolkit. The essay is one of a planned series of essays covering the toolkit. She shows us how programmes can get the best out of Impact paper-based tools and online questionnaires (in development). She takes us through a thorough tour of what and how the questionnaires can evaluate projects by the pre, during and post programme questions and the differences in these. She also gives sensitive guidelines for filling out the questionnaires in either self-administered or interview situations.
Rosa Logar examines the issue for partnerships between women’s/victim organisations and perpetrator work. She underlines the key issues such as: the importance of the Istanbul Convention; how societal gender inequality runs not only through all aspects of perpetrator work but in multi-agency partnerships too; institutional challenges to change and holistic responses. She explains how all partnerships need to act in ways that empower women, and gives details of a project in Austria to give an example of good practice of co-ordinated partnership work.
Katarzyna Wojnicka outlines the relevance of masculinity as a socially constructed phenomen. She then looks at the deep relationships between manliness and violence and finally discusses why male violence should be the only main issue in working with perpetrators (in which the reflection on male victims should have its place, but not shift the main focus).
In their essay, Dean Ajdukovic & Alessandra Pauncz share their experiences in setting up a perpetrator work organisation. Both have been building up programmes in countries with no or few predecessors. Their extensive essay includes dimensions like legal contexts, methodology, do's and dont's, strategic, networking, and organisational issues, as well as training aspects.
In her essay, Thangam Debbonaire questions the concept of singular ethnic identity in working with perpetrators of domestic violence. Nevertheless, knowledge about cultural beliefs and attitudes of the diverse ethnic groups is helpful in practical work. She therefore proposes an approach to working cross-culturally with a range of people from diverse ethnic communities, with awareness of specific practical needs such as language and immigration barriers combined with understanding of how culture is many layered and includes cultures of masculinity.